This paper was presented at 4th International Conference on Sustainable Future for Human Security, SustaiN 2013, on 19 October 2013 at Kyoto University, Japan. The paper is written by : Sri Atmaja P. Rosyidia,b, Tjasa Bole-Rentelc, Surya Budi Lesmanaa,b, Jazaul IkhsanaaDepartment of Civil Engineering, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Jalan Lingkar Selatan, Yogyakarta 55183, Indonesia bCenter for Regional Energy Management (PUSPER),Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia cFormerly, Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), the Netherlands, now TBR Consulting
Abstract: This paper briefly presents the experience of the Center for Regional Energy Management in the needs assessment, capacity building and adoption of household biogas plants in rural areas of Yogyakarta over the past five years. The biogas program has been designed to solve specific energy provision problems in rural areas, such as securing cooking fuel as well as to promote ecological farming by using biogas digester as organic manure, thereby efficiently recycling locally available biomass waste. The paper also points that realizing these goals would require significant changes in funding and policy support for the successful implementations of biogas in developing countries. In addition, it highlights some of the key issues related to the implementation of rural energy programs and suggests a new approach and future strategies for initiatives that endeavor to address the issue of rural poverty and improve the living conditions of rural people.